Federal and state governments have enacted a
number of laws that bar an employer from discriminating against employees on
almost any grounds, aside from the quality of the employee’s work. In general, these laws prohibit
employers from discriminating in their hiring, firing, promotion, or
compensation practices on the basis of race, national origin, gender,
disability, age or religion.
If an employer is found guilty of an intentional act of discrimination or of practices that have a discriminatory effect, an employee may be entitled to damages, including damages for lost wages, pain and suffering, and lost benefits.